Netlify calls this Instant Cache Invalidation, part of the “rocketjuice” of Netlify.
On all the sites I work on that aren’t on Netlify, I do have to think about it (ugh). If you look at this very websites source, you’ll see a link to a stylesheet something like this:
<link href="https://css-tricks.com/wp-content/themes/CSS-Tricks-17/style.css?cache_bust=1594590986788" rel="stylesheet">
?cache_bust= stuff at the end of the stylesheet URL? Those are just gibberish characters I put into that URL manually (based on a
Date() call) so that when I push a change to the file, it breaks both the CDN and people’s own browser cache and they get the new file. If I didn’t do that, the changes I push won’t be seen until all the cache expires or is manually removed by users, which is… bad. I might be fixing a bug! Or releasing a new feature! It’s extra bad because that CSS might go along with some HTML which doesn’t cache as aggressively and could lead to a mismatch of HTML and expected CSS.
I work on some sites where I change that cache-busting string by hand because I’m too lazy to automate it. Usually, I do automate it though. I recently shared my Gulpfile which I hand-wrote, and part of which deals with this cache-busting. It is work to write, work to maintain, and work to use during development. You can even read the comments on that post and see other people’s strategies for doing the same thing that are different than how I do it. Errrrrrybody be cache-busting.
Not on Netlify.
Again, you change an asset, push it up, Netlify knows it’s changed and does all the cache busting for you. So your stylesheet can be linked up like:
<link href="dont-even-worry-about-it.css" rel="stylesheet" />
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